She is the daughter of Priam, king of Troy. He agreed to join Agamemnon’s war of revenge against Troy, but when Agamemnon forced him to give up the slave woman he had won as a war prize, Achilles became so angry he refused to fight for months. The war destroys the Trojans completely, but there is a sense that the victors must suffer for their success. Although he is a well-respected leader, he does not have strong resolve and can be convinced to act against his better judgment. At the onset of the Trojan War godlike Agamemnon commanded the largest fleet ever to sail the Aegean sea. Achilles was the bravest, handsomest, and greatest warrior of the army of Agamemnon in the Trojan War. Preparing for departure from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. There is a legend, which says that Agamemnon’s army had to face the anger of goddess Artemis while departing towards Troy from the port of Boeotia. for many characters; however, Clytemnestra suffers the most. Agamemnon Upsets Achilles. 10 years of fighting outside of Troy. Meanwhile, his wife Clytemnestra was having an affair with no-one else but his foe Aegisthus. A priestess of Apollo, she has the gift… read analysis of Cassandra Agamemnon's son Orestes took revenge by killing Clytemnestra, his mother. Agamemnon is generally depicted wearing a diadem and holding a scepter which are among conventional attributes of kings. Agamemnon (pronounced a-ga-mem'-non), was the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. This act, which was caused by the gods themselves, led to a war between Greeks and Trojans. The slave Agamemnon has taken back to Argos as his prize for winning the Trojan War. However, Atreus hadn't murdered all of his children, mostly because he didn't know about Aegisthus who was a son of Thyestes and Thyestes' daughter Pelopia. According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae, a kingdom of legendary Greece. Chryseis is one of the female characters who appears during the events of the Trojan War in Greek mythology. Finally, Agamemnon made peace with Artemis, gathered his army, including two of the finest heroes Odysseus and Achilles, and set sail for Troy. Briseis was a female character who appeared in the tales of Greek mythology during the Trojan War. It looked like they were going to win with ease, until his act to take away Briseis from Achilles, after losing Chryseis to Apollo, corrupted their progress. Preparing to depart from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Finally arriving at Troy, most of the next nine years was spent in the … She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. In his early life, there were plenty of things going wrong. It was not long, before Aegisthus took revenge on Atreus and murdered him. Eventually, with Achilles killing Hector and Odysseus' great disguise in the shape of a Trojan horse, the Greeks managed to capture the city of Troy and win the war. He unified the Greek forces against and attacked Troy. For a while they enjoyed a decent life, until Paris kidnapped Helen, the wife of his brother Menelaus. Agamemnon took Cassandra, a daughter of Priam, a former king of Troy, as his reward and set sail back to Greece. There are several reasons for this: Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at war in Troy, Artemis is angry due to Agamemnon slaying a sacred animal of Artemis, or that he boasted … The king of Argos, and one of the commanders of the Greek fleet. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. It was rumored that Helen—Menelaus’ wife—was abducted, by Paris, Prince of Troy, with the help of Aphrodite. The son of the water nymph, Thetis, and a mortal father, Achilles was famous as the greatest warrior among the Greeks. the family history. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War (Greek: Τρωικός Πόλεμος; Turkish: Truva Savaşı) was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. Pierre-Narcisse Guérin / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons. The play opens as a watchman joyously recognizes the signal indicating that Troy has fallen, and that Agamemnon will therefore soon be headed home. In the works of art, Agamemnon's depiction resemble and is very similar to the representation of Zeus, the king of the gods. ACHILLES. The core of the Iliad (Books II – XXIII) describes a period of four days and two nights in the tenth year of the decade-long siege of Troy; the Ody… He brought with him another woman as a concubine, the prophetess Cassandra, who was famous for not having her prophecies believed. He offended Artemis by killing one of her sacred animals and the angry goddess obstructed their departure from Boeotia. He killed many Trojans until he was finally wounded and forced to withdraw to his camp. The brothers took refuge at the place of Tyndareus, a king of Sparta, where they married the king's daughters Helen and Clytemnestra. Agamemnon is the older brother of Menelaus, whose wife Helen was stolen by a Trojan prince, thus igniting a decade-long war. Together, they exiled Agamemnon and Menelaus from Mycenae. Agamemnon (pronounced a-ga-mem'-non), was the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. His second strike was killing their daughter Iphigenia, and his third strike was flagrant disregard shown for Clytemnestra by parading another woman in her home. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. This act, which was caused by the gods themselves, led to a war between Greeks and Trojans. Agamemnon's murder is simply a part of the war… And it happened to be king Agamemnon who led his people into battle. Eventually, Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus in Sparta and with his superior army helped his brother to drove away Thyestes and reclaim his throne in Mycenae. When Agamemnon came home, he was killed by either Aegisthus or Clytemnestra. The Greeks consequently started losing battles and morale was getting lower and lower. Menelaus, Helen's husband, is lost at sea, and so too is Odysseus, another Greek king whose wanderings Homer recounts in his Odyssey. It involved with treachery, … When Helen was abducted by the Trojan prince Paris, Agamemnon led the Greek expedition to Troy to take back his brother's wife. The Chorus of old men briefly recounts the story of the Trojan War in all its fateful relations. No matter that Clytemnestra had another man. Agamemnon definition, a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. Driven by an all-encompassing lust for power and glory, the king of Mycenae rallied the many kingdoms of Achaea against Troy, determined to raze the fabled city to the ground in pursuit of his bloody ambition. His first strike had been killing Clytemnestra's first husband, the grandson of Tantalus, in order to marry her. Agamemnon and Clytemnestra together had four children, one son and three daughters. greek-gods.org (c) Copyright 2013 - 2018, all rights reserved. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his wife, upon his return from Troy. It is said that repeating treachery through generations resulted in a wrath of Erinyes who tracked down these sinners with their hounds and drove them to insanity. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and his brother Menelaus was the … Trojan War and Orestes Mother. When Paris of Troy took Helen back to Troy with him, Menelaus sought Agamemnon's help in retrieving her. Agamemnon then led his men into a battlefield, filled them with good positive morale and himself fought bravely. He is presented as a great warrior but selfish ruler, famously upsetting his invincible champion Achilles and so prolonging the war and suffering of his men. He became king of Mycenae by driving out his uncle, Thyestes, with the help of King Tyndareus of Sparta. Sometimes called a Trojan Woman, Chryseis would become a prize of Agamemnon, the Achaean leader, but subsequent events would cause a divide amongst the Greeks. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. The Furies (or Erinyes) took vengeance on Orestes, but in the end, Orestes was vindicated because Athena judged that killing his mother was less heinous than killing his father. In The Iliad, Agamemnon was the commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. It is said that her motives for the crime were jealousy of his new lover Cassandra and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia, as well as his departure to war over the Helen of Troy. The Trojan War is possibly one of the most narrated conflicts in history, but its story resides in the space between fact and fiction, and the mythological occupies as much of a space as the historical. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. In order for the Greek fleet to set sail from Aulis, Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia to the goddess Artemis. Briseis was a local woman of great beauty whom Achilles took for himself, after clearing the village in the Trojan lands. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. His father Atreus murdered the children of his twin brother Thyestes, after finding out his adultery with his wife Aerope. It resulted for Achilles withdrawing himself from the battlefield as a revengeful act. He became king of Mycenae by driving out his uncle, Thyestes, with the help of King Tyndareus of Sparta. Finally, A… And it happened to be king Agamemnon who led his people into battle. The Iliad describes a conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon toward the end of the war. This was at least a third strike for Agamemnon as far as Clytemnestra was concerned. See more. After the Greeks sack a city allied with Troy, Agamemnon … This is the Trojan War finally explained. Therefore, Aeschylus illustrates Clytemnestra’s suffering when her husband is at war, and then to add to that suffering, the sacrifice of her daughter, so she murders Agamemnon claiming it was justifiable in avenge for her daughter’s death and thinks that it helps put an end to her suffering. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Agamemnon himself managed to survive but was murdered upon his arrival back to his homeland, by either his wife Clytemnestra whom he married while at Sparta or her lover who happened to be Aegisthus, the son of his uncle Thyestes who fathered him with his own daughter Pelopia. At the start of the play, he is returning victorious from the Trojan War. Briseis Daughter of Briseus When Agamemnon returned from Troy, he wasn't alone. Agamemnon, in Greek legend, king of Mycenae or Argos. It also marks an interesting parallel to the cause of the Trojan War itself: a dispute over Helen between Menelaus and Paris. When the Trojan prince Paris carried off Helen, wife of his brother Menelaus, Agamemnon called for revenge and led the Greek forces to victory during the Trojan War. Driven by an all-encompassing lust for power and glory, the king of Mycenae rallied the many kingdoms of Achaea against Troy, determined to raze the fabled city to … He had to overcome his first obstacle while still in Greece. Misfortunes, including a plag… Agamemnon was a Greek leader in the great Trojan war. They set their si… He led the Greek expedition to Troy to recover his brother's wife Helen. He had to overcome his first obstacle while still in Greece. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying The Iliad. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. Clytemnestra also killed Cassandra. The war made him recognisable throughout historical and mythological recordings, even to this day. King Agamemnon, ruler of gold-rich Mycenae, at the onset of the Trojan War commanded the largest fleet ever to sail the Aegean sea. Though a formidable warrior, and the commander-in-chief of the Greek forces during the Trojan war… It was prophesied that the Nereid Thetis, were she to ever concieve, would give birth to a son who would become even greater than his father. A Greek prophet named Calchas predicted great peril for the Greek forces at sea and warned that if a sacrifice was not made for the Greek goddess, Artemis, their journey would end in disaster. Briseis would become a concubine of the hero Achilles, but she was also the reason, through no fault of her own, why Achilles and Agamemnon argued, almost resulting in the Achaeans losing the war. Agamemnon rallies the troops to attack Troy (aka Ilium), using the oath of Tyndareus. However, later on, as you probably already know, Achilles returned to battle when his closest friend was killed and Agamemnon finally gave up on Briseis and returned her to him. Biography of Helen of Troy, Cause of the Trojan War, Non-Canonical Retelling of the Tale of Troy, Summary of the Chapters of Barry Strauss' 'Trojan War: A New History', Profile of the Greek Hero Achilles of the Trojan War, Profile of Ajax: Greek Hero of the Trojan War, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. The family history of Agamemnon was not really great. Possibly meaning "very steadfast" in Greek. He managed to run away and take refuge in Sparta with his brother Menelaus who then became a king of Sparta and helped Agamemnon to reclaim his throne in Mycenae. Trojan war was a great battle which Agamemnon fought during his lifetime. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. Misfortunes, including a plag… There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. Atreus even went so far that the murdered children were on the menu of Thyestes for a while. According to the accounts given by the tragedians, Agamemnon was slain in a bath by his wife alone, where she had first thrown a net or a blanket of cloth over him to prevent resistance and then killed him with an axe. After the Trojan War Agamemnon was killed by his wife Clytemnestra. Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus then ruled the kingdom for some time, until Agamemnon's son Orestes, with the help of his sister Electra, avenged his father's death by murdering Aegisthus and his own mother Clytemnestra. According to Homer, Achilles was brought up by his mother at Phthia with his inseparable companion Patroclus. Misfortunes, including a plagueand a lack o… Clytemnestra and her lover (Agamemnon's cousin), killed Agamemnon. Agamemnon set sail for Troy after agreeing to sacrifice his daughter… Agamemnon, who wanted to conqueror Troy, lead a coalition of Greek kingdoms to attack Troy. In Greek mythology he was the brother of Menelaus. He offended Artemis by killing one of her sacred animals and the angry goddess obstructed their departure from Boeotia. Agamemnon was a son of Atreus, the husband of Clytemnestra (a daughter of Tyndareus), and the brother of Menelaus, who was the husband of Helen of Troy (Clytemnestra's sister). Achilles, in Greek mythology, son of the mortal Peleus, king of the Myrmidons, and the Nereid, or sea nymph, Thetis. Agamemnon, as a proud man who would do anything to defend his family name, was forced to retaliate and declared war on Troy to rescue Helen. Agamemnon was the King of Mycenae and leader of the Greek army in the Trojan War of Homer ’s Iliad. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably Homer's Iliad. When Helen of Sparta was abducted, Menelaus called upon his brother who became a leader of the Greeks in Trojan war that lasted for ten years. Agamemnon and the Trojan War The Trojan War is the legendary (and almost certainly mythical) conflict in which Agamemnon laid siege to Troy in an effort to retrieve Helen, his sister-in-law after she had been taken to Troy by Paris. The leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War*, he is one of the central figures in the Iliad, Homer's epic poem about the war. The Trojan War, in Greek tradition, started as a way for Zeus to reduce the ever-increasing population of humanity and, more practically, as an expedition to reclaim Helen, wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta and brother of Agamemnon.Helen was abducted by the Trojan prince Paris (also known as Alexandros) and taken as his prize for choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess in a … N.S. Trojan War Paris (aka Alexander) ‘steals’ Helen from Menelaus. Upon receiving word of this, Zeus and Poseidon, both of whom had previously tried to court Thetis, arranged for her to be married to a mortal man instead. Greek writers generally portray Agamemnon as courageous but also as arrogant and overly proud, flaws that sometimes cause him misfortune and eventually lead to his death. He then claimed the throne of Mycenae and ruled hand to hand with Thyestes. Furthermore, not all of the citizens of Argos have supported his Trojan campaign. Despite his heroics and great leadership, Agamemnon was a casualty of unfortunate events in his family which were based on treachery, rape, murder and incest. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos, and a leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War.was the son of king Atreus and queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Electra or Laodiki (Λαοδίκη), Orestes and Chrysothemis.. History. A great warrior, he sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia in order to obtain a favorable wind to carry the Greek fleet to Troy. On his return home he was murdered by his wife and her lover. 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